WHO IS STEPHEN HAWKING? EDUCATION, WORK AND FAMILY LIFE
Stephen William Hawking was born on January 8, 1942.
He holds titles such as Universalist, author, physicist, theorist and astronomer. Dr. Even Stephen Hawking's date of birth was out of the ordinary. He was born on the day of the death of one of the greatest people in history, the Italian scientist Galileo, at 300. it was the anniversary. Hawking was born with two thousand children with him on the day of the birth of this coincidence did not mean much, but the following years showed that it was no ordinary coincidence.
Stephen Hawking, hailed as the world's greatest and most important theoretical physicist, said hello to life in Oxford, England. His mother, Isobel Hawking, and his father, Frank Hawking, a biologist, lived in London, but were in Oxford during their student years. They also moved to Oxford for a time for Stephen's birth. Anne Isobel, the daughter of a doctor from glosgow, worked as a tax inspector and many different jobs after graduating at Oxford. His father, Frank Hawking, studied medicine and became a specialist in tropical diseases. The family moved back to London when Stephen was 2 months old.
The Educational Life Of Stephen Hawking
Hawking, who spent his childhood years in London, was with his family when he was 8 years old at St. Louis, located 20 miles from London He went to Albans. When he turned 11, his parents enrolled him in a school here. Hawking, who spent his school years as a generally calm personality, had a group of friends who played card games and made inventions. By the time they made electronic instruments together, Hawking had become more capable of using his brain than using his hands.
St. After graduating from school in Albans, he went to Oxford University College, where his father was also educated. Getting into Oxford at the time was not an easy task at all. Besides, in order for the university to cover a portion of the education costs, Hawking had to perform well in the entrance exam. Hawking was awarded a scholarship to the university by scoring more than enough points on this exam, which included maths, physics and general culture questions, which were as difficult as possible.
Although his father wanted his son to study medicine, Hawking stated that he wanted to study mathematics and was adamant in his choice. But the school he entered did not have this department. So he decided to study physics. Hawking's school years weren't so much fun. None of his close friends had managed to get into Oxford. So it became a state of loneliness and unhappiness. Stephen managed to recover from this psychology by entering the school's rowing team during this period. But because he did not have a very athletic body, instead of rowing, he took on the task of managing the direction and speed of rowing. Rowing was seen as a very important sport in Oxford, so it became one of the most popular names in the school.
Hawking was able to solve the questions asked at school without difficulty and pass the exams with little effort. In fact, when he was a sophomore, he won the University Physics Prize in a competition attended by all the physicists of his ERA.
He graduated from Oxford University in 1962. However, he decided to stay in school to study astronomy. He soon realised that he was more successful at producing theory than studying, and went to Cambridge in the same year. The goal was to conduct research on cosmology here. Hawking had applied for Fred Hoyle as his adviser; but they appointed Dennis William Sciama for him.
Stephen Hawking began to feel oddities in himself during his early years at Cambridge. He had difficulty tying the rope of his shoes, constantly bumping into things, sometimes even having trouble talking. For the holiday of Christmas 1962, St. He moved to Albans with his family. Her parents immediately became aware of her health problems and took her to hospital for the necessary examinations. Hawking was diagnosed with a rare disease called ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis),which has no cure, paralyzing the nervous system. The brain is not affected by this disease; but all the muscles of the body were slowly becoming inoperable.
Stephen Hawking's Business Life
Completing his PhD at Cambridge, Hawking became assistant professor at Gonville and Caius College. He was struggling with his illness as he stepped into his business life. ALS was a motor neuron disease affecting the spinal nerves and the brain's voluntary movement functions. So the mind was unaffected and the brain was able to maintain its ability to think.
Doctors said he could only live for two years. Hawking became depressed after receiving this news. The name that got him out of it was St. Louis a few years ago. It was Jane that he met in Albans, with whom he would later unite his life.
Hawking left the Institute of Astronomy in 1973 to switch to the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics. After 1979 he became Lucasian Professor of mathematics. Hawking was the third person to receive this professorship. Isaac Barrow was first named Isaac Newton in 1669.
Stephen Hawking showed that Einstein's theory of General Relativity, which covers space and Time, started with the Big Bang and ended with black holes.
Work Life After Stephen Hawking's Illness
The disease, which had shown itself to be a minor problem at the time of diagnosis, had now grown more serious and had condemned Hawking to live in a wheelchair. By 1985, however, he was unable to use his voice. Placed in a wheelchair, he was able to communicate thanks to a special computer that turned writings into sound. This great genius was thus able to continue his studies and continue to think for science.
In 1983, he proposed the theory that the universe has no boundaries. As a result of their work together with Jim Hartle, they combined quantum mechanics and the concepts of general relativity to reveal that the universe is a encompassing existence, but has no boundaries.
In addition to this, his claims about black holes and his work have had great repercussions in the scientific world. It was first proposed in 1975 that black holes were not black. Hawking said that knowledge evaporates in the black hole, but American theoretical physicist John Preskill argued otherwise. Indeed, Preskill was vindicated, and Hawking reported in 2004 that he was wrong in his claim about black holes.
Stephen Hawking, considered to be the most brilliant theoretical physicist on earth, has written books on quantum physics and black holes that have been translated into dozens of languages. His book, which brought him real fame, was” the short history of time: from the Big Bang to black holes." He then published the books “the shorter history of time” and “the universe in a walnut shell”, which are the sequel to this book.
Prof. Dr. Stephen Hawking received 12 honours. He became a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1974 and of the American National Academy of Sciences in 1989. Hawking was awarded the order of the British Empire in 1980 and the Companion of Honour, and in 1982 was awarded the Order of the Queen II. He was the recipient of the CBE award given by Elizabeth.
Stephen Hawking's Family Life
Hawking entered the World house in 1965 with Jane Wilde, whom he had met at a Christmas party years earlier and whom he considered a turning point in his life, which was his life energy at the first time his illness was revealed. Hawking was able to stand on crutches at his wedding.
In the early years of their marriage, Jane continued her education, while Stephen completed his doctoral dissertation. But as the symptoms of the disease began to manifest themselves and Stephen was heading towards worsening, his wife Jane was able to type his doctoral thesis.
The couple Stephen Hawking and Jane Wilde had three children from their marriage. This marriage ended in 1991. The reason was both Hawking's growing fame and his forbidden love with his carer, Elaine Mason. Stephen Hawking married Elaine Mason in 1995 after splitting from Jane. However, this marriage also ended in October 2006.
Stephen Hawking's life moved to the white screen in 2014 with the film “The Theory of everything.” Hawking, who has not given up hope of life and the science he has devoted himself to while battling his illness, is a name history will not forget.